Pitfalls in the determination of absolute dimensions using angiographic catheters as calibration devices in quantitative angiography.
Using catheter outer diameter as a scaling device, quantitative coronary arteriography allows the precise and objective measurement of change in absolute dimensions of coronary arteries after mechanical or pharmacologic intervention. Because of variable density in the wall of the catheter, automated systems might vary in the determination of the outer catheter diameter. To examine this premise, catheters in a variety of French sizes from 6 manufacturers were injected with radiographic contrast and used as scaling devices for arterial phantoms of known geometric dimension. Radiographic diameters of the catheters were determined by applying the quantitative coronary arteriographic algorithm to the catheters using a calibration grid in the same field of view. The varying composition of the catheters resulted in differing x-ray attenuation and, subsequently, automated edge-detection algorithms varied widely in determining the actual catheter diameter to be used as a scaling factor. For instance, a Lucite "artery" with a minimal luminal diameter of 1.50 mm (image calibrated using the micrometer-determined outside diameter of a Baxter 8Fr guiding catheter) resulted in a quantitative angiographic diameter of 2.03 mm (overestimation by 35%). If the diameter of a similar size Shiley catheter was used to calibrate the image, a luminal diameter of 1.60 mm was determined: a difference of 0.43 mm based solely on differences in scaling catheter attenuation. These data suggest that a specific "fingerprint" for each catheter material and catheter French size exists, rendering generalizations about catheter size questionable. These observations are important for quantitative angiography where many brands and sizes of angiographic catheters are being used clinically.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Fortin, DF; Spero, LA; Cusma, JT; Santoro, L; Burgess, R; Bashore, TM
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