Hemodynamic correlates for timing intervals, ejection rate and filling rate derived from the radionuclide angiographic volume curve.
This study was designed to more clearly define the relation between various invasive hemodynamic measurements and left ventricular (LV) timing intervals, ejection rate and filling rate derived from the radionuclide angiographic volume curve. Twenty-eight patients were studied with simultaneous intracardiac micromanometer pressure and dP/dt recordings, gated radionuclide angiography and M-mode echocardiography. These techniques permitted multiple variables of systolic and diastolic function to be measured at a constant atrial paced rate of 100 beats/min. There was a strong correlation between peak ejection rate and ejection fraction (r = -0.97) and between peak ejection rate and maximum positive dP/dt (r = -0.85). There also was a strong correlation between peak filling rate and maximum negative dP/dt (r = -0.85). A weaker correlation existed between the time constant of LV relaxation and the peak filling rate (r = -0.49) and between the LV end-diastolic pressure and the peak filling rate (r = -0.62). There was no correlation between the modulus of chamber stiffness and filling rates, and no association was observed between the time to peak filling rate and the hemodynamic variables. Thus, under the conditions studied, the measured peak ejection and filling rate, determined from the radionuclide angiographic volume curve, correlated well with accepted invasive hemodynamic measurements.
Magorien, DJ; Shaffer, P; Bush, C; Magorien, RD; Kolibash, AJ; Unverferth, DV; Bashore, TM
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