Comparison of preload recruitable stroke work, end-systolic pressure-volume and dP/dtmax-end-diastolic volume relations as indexes of left ventricular contractile performance in patients undergoing routine cardiac catheterization.
The end-systolic pressure-volume relation, the relation between stroke work and end-diastolic volume, termed the preload recruitable stroke work relation, and the relation between the peak of the first derivative of left ventricular pressure (dP/dtmax) and end-diastolic volume have been employed as linear indexes of left ventricular contractile performance in laboratory animals. The purpose of this study was to examine the relative utility of these indexes during routine cardiac catheterization in seven human subjects (mean age 48 +/- 18 [SD] years) with a normal left ventriculogram and coronary angiogram. Left ventricular pressure was recorded continuously with a micromanometer catheter, and left ventricular volume was derived from digital subtraction contrast ventriculograms obtained at 30-ms intervals. Transient occlusion of the inferior vena cava with a balloon-tipped catheter was employed to obtain beat to beat reductions in left ventricular pressure and volume over 8.7 +/- 1.7 cardiac cycles. Stroke work declined by 49 +/- 13% during vena caval occlusion, but end-systolic pressure fell by only 26 +/- 11%, and changes in dP/dtmax were small and inconsistent (12 +/- 22%). Consequently, the range of data available for determination of the preload recruitable stroke work relation greatly exceeded that for the end-systolic pressure-volume relation and the dP/dtmax-end-diastolic volume relation, and much less linear extrapolation from the measured data was required to determine the volume-axis intercept. Preload recruitable stroke work relations were highly linear (r = 0.95 +/- 0.07), and much more so than end-systolic pressure-volume relations (r = 0.79 +/- 0.23).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Feneley, MP; Skelton, TN; Kisslo, KB; Davis, JW; Bashore, TM; Rankin, JS
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