Bioelectrochemical enzyme immunoassay of human choriogonadotropin with magnetic electrodes.


Journal Article

We describe an amperometric technique for quantification of an enzyme immunoassay in which we use a magnetic working electrode, both to separate bound and free analyte and to monitor the electrochemical response. We used a "two-site" immunometric assay with monoclonal antibodies for human choriogonadotropin (hCG) as a model system in which magnetic particles were used as the solid phase. Separation of bound and free label is readily achieved by localizing the particles at the electrode. Activity of the bound enzyme in the environment of the electrode is determined electrochemically, permitting rapid quantification of the analyte without the need for a separate incubation step to measure enzyme activity. The sensitivity of the system is 150 int. units of hCG per litre (1st Int. Ref. Preparation). Correlation between the amperometric measurement of urinary hCG and data for an immunoradiometric assay was r = 0.9. The assay is rapid, requiring a total assay time for each sample of 20 min, which includes 15 min for antibody/antigen binding.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Robinson, GA; Hill, HA; Philo, RD; Gear, JM; Rattle, SJ; Forrest, GC

Published Date

  • September 1985

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1449 - 1452

PubMed ID

  • 3928198

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3928198

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1530-8561

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-9147


  • eng