Neurotensin interacts with dopaminergic neurons in rat brain.
Neurotensin (NT) injected intracerebroventricularly in rat increases dopamine (DA) turnover in the corpus striatum and nucleus accumbens. Significant increases in 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) levels occurred within 15 minutes after injection with peak levels at 60 minutes. The effect on NT on DOPAC and homovanillic acid (HVA) accumulation was dose-dependent at 3-100 micrograms. NT, like haloperidol, stimulated 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) accumulation in striatal neurons, in the presence of DOPA decarboxylase inhibitor, after injection of gamma-butyrolactone (GBL). NT had a similar stimulatory effect on DOPA levels in the accumbens while haloperidol (0.25 mg.kg-1) had no significant effect in this brain region. NT did not block the inhibitory effect of apomorphine on DOPA accumulation in both the striatum and accumbens, while haloperidol inhibited apomorphine effect in both regions. NT also failed to displace 3H-spiperone from DA receptors and the presence of NT in the binding assay did not alter the ability of DA to displace 3H-spiperone in either brain region. These experiments demonstrate that NT increases DA turnover in both the nigrostriatal and mesolimbic pathways.
Reches, A; Burke, RE; Jiang, D; Wagner, HR; Fahn, S
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