Effects of prolonged infusions of the NMDA antagonist aptiganel hydrochloride (CNS 1102) in normal volunteers.
Blockade of the N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor by the ion-channel-blocking drug aptiganel hydrochloride (CNS 1102, Cerestat) is neuroprotective in focal cerebral ischemia. Short intravenous infusions of up to 30 microg/kg have been well tolerated by healthy male volunteers. We undertook a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in 20 male volunteers to examine the safety, tolerability, and cardiovascular and psychomotor effects of a dosing paradigm similar to that envisaged for therapeutic use. Aptiganel HCl was infused over 4 h in total doses of 15, 32, 50, or 73 microg kg. Mean arterial pressure increased significantly with dose group (p < 0.01, analysis of covariance). Motor reaction time was related to maximal plasma concentration (r2 = 0.21, p < 0.001). Transient symptoms and signs of peripheral paresthesiae, light-headedness, and euphoria were seen at total doses of 32 microg/ kg. Higher doses were associated with motor retardation, perceptual disturbances, and hallucinations (one case). Clearance was 125 +/- 55 L/h, and volume of distribution was 537 +/- 1,261. Total doses of up to 32 microg/kg of aptiganel HCl infused over 4 h are well tolerated by healthy males. Aptiganel HCl causes elevation of blood pressure and is associated with central nervous system symptoms and signs similar to other noncompetitive NMDA antagonists.
Muir, KW; Grosset, DG; Lees, KR
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