Receptors involved in the oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine-mediated synthesis of interleukin-8. A role for Toll-like receptor 4 and a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein.
We demonstrated previously that oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (ox-PAPC) and, specifically, the component lipid 1-palmitoyl-2-(5,6-epoxyisoprostane E2)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine increase interleukin-8 (IL-8) synthesis in aortic endothelial cells. The goal of the current studies was to characterize the receptor complex mediating the increased transcription of IL-8. We demonstrate that scavenger receptor class A, types I and II, lectin-like ox-LDL receptor-1, macrophage receptor with collagenous structure, and CD36 are not responsible for the increase in IL-8. Using dominant-negative constructs and antisense oligonucleotides, we demonstrate a role for Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) as the ox-PAPC receptor mediating IL-8 transcription. We demonstrate that a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored protein is also necessary because phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C pretreatment inhibited the effect of ox-PAPC. CD14, a GPI-anchored protein that associates with TLR4 in mediating lipopolysaccharide action, did not appear to mediate ox-PAPC action because ox-PAPC-induced IL-8 transcription was not blocked by anti-CD14 neutralizing antibodies nor was it augmented by the addition of soluble CD14 or overexpression of membrane CD14. Instead, anti-TLR4 antibodies immunoprecipitated a 37-kDa protein that also bound ox-PAPC. A protein of this same size was found in aerolysin overlays used to detect GPI-anchored proteins. Therefore, these studies suggest that ox-PAPC may initially bind to a 37-kDa GPI-anchored protein, which interacts with TLR4 to induce IL-8 transcription.
Walton, KA; Hsieh, X; Gharavi, N; Wang, S; Wang, G; Yeh, M; Cole, AL; Berliner, JA
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