Purification of, generation of monoclonal antibodies to, and mapping of phosphoribosyl N-formylglycinamide amidotransferase.
5'-Phosphoribosyl N-formylglycinamide (FGAR) amidotransferase (EC 184.108.40.206) catalyzes the fourth reaction in the de novo synthesis of purines, that is, the conversion of FGAR to 5'-phosphoribosyl N-formylglycinamidine (FGAM). This is the only step of the pathway for which a vertebrate gene has not been cloned. FGAR amidotransferase has been highly purified from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, and this preparation has been used to generate monoclonal antibodies in mice. Two of these antibodies, designated BD4 and DD2, have been shown to recognize a 150-kDa protein in CHO-K1 cells that is of very low abundance in Ade-B cells, a CHO line in which FGAR amidotransferase activity is undetectable. Furthermore, the protein recognized by these antibodies is 5-10-fold more abundant in Azr cells. The CHO Azr cell line was made resistant to azaserine, a potent inhibitor of FGAR amidotransferase, and displays a 5-10-fold increase in FGAR amidotransferase activity over the parental K1 line. FGAR amidotransferase activity and the 150-kDa protein recognized by both monoclonal antibodies were found to immunoprecipitate concomitantly using antibody BD4. Monoclonal antibody DD2 cross-reacted with a human protein of identical molecular mass. A number of Ade-B/human hybrid cells were generated by somatic cell fusion and subsequent 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine segregation. Analysis of these lines, together with two independently generated human/mouse hybrid cell lines, by both cytogenetics and immunoblotting with antibody DD2 revealed that the human FGAR amidotransferase gene is located on chromosome 17p.
Barnes, TS; Bleskan, JH; Hart, IM; Walton, KA; Barton, JW; Patterson, D
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