Frequency and prognostic significance of preoperatively detected enlarged regional lymph nodes in patients with pathological stage I non-small cell lung cancer following resection.
PURPOSE: To explore the clinical significance of enlarged regional lymph nodes in patients with pathological stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the tumor registry of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) Staging Database to identify 6995 patients between January 1, 1990 and December 31, 2000 with clinical stage I, II, and IIIA tumors (cT1-2N0-2M0, excluding T3N0-2M0 cases) who proved to have pathological stage I NSCLC (T1-2N0M0, pStage I). The frequency of enlarged nodes in patients with pStage I disease is reported, and the overall survival of these patients who had enlarged regional lymph nodes was compared with that of patients with pStage I disease with normal size regional lymph nodes. RESULTS: Enlarged regional lymph nodes (cN1-2) were seen in approximately 12% of patients with pStage I disease. Median survival for patients with enlarged versus normal nodes was 102 versus 107 months (hazard ratio 1.16, p = 0. 01). Survival curves converged at 8 years postsurgery. CONCLUSIONS: Enlarged regional lymph nodes are uncommon in patients with pStage I NSCLC, and the size of regional lymph nodes in these early stage patients does not seem to provide clinically useful prognostic information.
Hoang, JK; Patz, E; Giroux, D; Goldstraw, P
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