An investigation of the equilibria between aqueous ribose, ribulose, and arabinose.
The thermodynamics of the equilibria between aqueous ribose, ribulose, and arabinose were investigated using high-pressure liquid chromatography and microcalorimetry. The reactions were carried out in aqueous phosphate buffer over the pH range 6.8-7.4 and over the temperature range 313.15-343.75 K using solubilized glucose isomerase with either Mg(NO3)2 or MgSO4 as cofactors. The equilibrium constants (K) and the standard state Gibbs energy (delta G degrees) and enthalpy (delta H degrees) changes at 298.15 K for the three equilibria investigated were found to be: ribose(aq) = ribulose(aq) K = 0.317, delta G degrees = 2.85 +/- 0.14 kJ mol-1, delta H degrees = 11.0 +/- 1.5 kJ mol-1; ribose(aq) = arabinose(aq) K = 4.00, delta G degrees = -3.44 +/- 0.30 kJ mol-1, delta H degrees = -9.8 +/- 3.0 kJ mol-1; ribulose(aq) = arabinose(aq) K = 12.6, delta G degrees = -6.29 +/- 0.34 kJ mol-1, delta H degrees = -20.75 +/- 3.4 kJ mol-1. Information on rates of the above reactions was also obtained. The temperature dependencies of the equilibrium constants are conveniently expressed as R in K = -delta G degrees 298.15/298.15 + delta H degrees 298.15[(1/298.15)-(1/T)] where R is the gas constant (8.31441 J mol-1 K-1) and T the thermodynamic temperature.
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