Fixation switch and diplopia after full macular translocation surgery.
PURPOSE: We sought to identify and evaluate treatment of patients who switched fixation to the poorer-seeing eye and complained of persistent diplopia 6 to 12 months after full macular translocation surgery (MT360) and extraocular muscle surgery. METHODS: All patients enrolled in a prospective study undergoing MT360 and extraocular muscle surgery were included. All patients had sensorimotor examinations. Visual acuity and fixation preference between 6 and 12 months after MT360 and extraocular muscle surgery were analyzed. RESULTS: Preoperative median visual acuity was 20/100 in operated vs 20/640 in fellow eyes; after MT360, the values were similar to the preoperative values (n = 67). After MT360 but before extraocular muscle surgery, all patients preferred the fellow eye for ambulation. Six to 12 months after MT360, 58 of 67 (86%) patients fixated with the better-seeing eye (52 operated vs 6 fellow eyes); 4/67 (6%) fixated with the operated eye despite its poorer or equal visual acuity; 5 of 67 (8%) fixated with the poorer-seeing fellow eye, all 5 of whom experienced diplopia (ie, fixation switch and diplopia). Treatment of diplopia included Fresnel prism, additional extraocular muscle surgery, and occlusion. CONCLUSIONS: Fixation switch to the poorer-seeing eye can occur after MT360, despite a successful visual outcome in the operated eye and the diplopia is difficult to treat.
Holgado, S; Toth, CA; Freedman, SF
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