Nitroxyl anion regulation of the NMDA receptor.
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important regulator of NMDA channel function in the CNS. Recent findings suggest that nitroxyl anion (NO(-)) may also be generated by nitric oxide synthase, which catalyzes production of NO. Using recombinant NMDA receptors (NMDA-r) transfected into human embryonic kidney cells, our data demonstrate that the nitroxyl anion donor, Angeli's salt (AS; Na(2)N(2)O(3)) dramatically blocked glycine-independent desensitization in NMDA-r containing NR1-NR2A subunits. AS did not affect glycine-dependent desensitization, calcium dependent inactivation or glutamate affinity for the NMDA-r. This effect could be mimicked by treatment with DPTA, a metal chelator and was not evident under hypoxic conditions. In contrast, receptors containing the NR1-NR2B subunits demonstrated an approximate 25% reduction in whole cell currents in the presence of AS with no apparent change in desensitization. Our data suggest that the regulation of NMDA-r function by nitroxyl anion is distinctly different from NO and may result in different cellular outcomes compared with NO.
Colton, CA; Gbadegesin, M; Wink, DA; Miranda, KM; Espey, MG; Vicini, S
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