A phase I trial of ifosfamide, mesna, and cisplatin in advanced non-small cell lung cancer. A cancer and leukemia group B study.
BACKGROUND: This Phase I study was designed to determine the maximum tolerated dose of ifosfamide-mesna with a fixed dose of cisplatin without growth factor or hematopoietic precursor support. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with previously untreated advanced non-small cell lung cancer were treated at four dose levels. Initially, the cisplatin dose was 100 mg/m2 given on day 1. Seven patients were treated with ifosfamide 2.0 g/m2 days 1 to 3, and six patients received ifosfamide 2.5 g/m2 days 1 to 3. Mesna was given at 20% of the ifosfamide dose at 0, 4, and 6 hours after ifosfamide. Cycles were repeated every 4 weeks. RESULTS: Dose-limiting toxicities (myelosuppression and renal toxicity) were seen at dose level 2 (ifosfamide 2.5 g/m2). Because 5 of the first 13 patients experienced Grade 3 renal toxicity, the study was amended to give cisplatin in divided doses. An additional six patients each were treated at dose level 3 (ifosfamide 2.0 g/m2 days 1-3) and dose level 4 (ifosfamide 2.5 g/m2 days 1-3) with cisplatin 33 mg/m2 days 1 to 3. Dose-limiting toxicity (myelosuppression) was reached at ifosfamide 2.5 g/m2. No further Grade 3 renal toxicity was seen. Grade 3 or worse toxicities were seen as follows: neutropenia 80%, thrombocytopenia 48%, nausea/vomiting 36%, anemia 32%, renal 20%, central nervous system 16%, and infection 16%. Two toxic deaths occurred, both with infection, renal failure, and neutropenia. Partial responses were seen in 8 of 25 eligible patients (32%). CONCLUSIONS: The maximum tolerated dose in this group of patients was defined as ifosfamide 2.0 g/m2 days 1 to 3 when given with cisplatin 33 mg/m2 days 1 to 3. When combining high-dose cisplatin with ifosfamide, it is advisable to give cisplatin in divided doses.
Graziano, SL; Herndon, JE; Richards, F; DiFino, S; Modeas, C; Duggan, DB; Green, MR
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