Carboplatin/paclitaxel or carboplatin/vinorelbine followed by accelerated hyperfractionated conformal radiation therapy: report of a prospective phase I dose escalation trial from the Carolina Conformal Therapy Consortium.
PURPOSE: To prospectively determine the maximum-tolerated dose of accelerated hyperfractionated conformal radiotherapy (RT; 1.6 Gy bid) for unresectable locally advanced lung cancer (IIB to IIIA/B) following induction carboplatin/paclitaxel (C/T) or carboplatin/vinorelbine (C/N). METHODS: Induction chemotherapy, C/T or C/N, was followed by escalating doses of conformally-planned RT (73.6 to 86.4 Gy in 6.4-Gy increments). Concurrent boost methods delivered 1.6 and 1.25 Gy bid to the gross and clinical target volumes, respectively. RESULTS: Between November 1997 and February 2002, 44 patients were enrolled (median age, 59 years; 59% male; stage III, 98%; median tumor size, 4 cm). Thirty-nine patients completed induction chemotherapy: 19 had a partial response, seven progressed, 15 had no response, and three were not assessable. Chemotherapy-associated toxicities were similar in the two chemotherapy groups. The incidence of grade > or = 3 RT-induced toxicity was 1/13, 2/14, and 4/12 at 73.6, 80, and 86.4 Gy, respectively, thus defining the maximum tolerated dose at approximately 80 Gy. Toxicities were in both lung and esophagus and were similar in the two chemotherapy arms. With a median followup of 34 months in the survivors, the actuarial 2-year survival was 47%, the median survival was 18 months. Fifteen patients had tumor relapse: 5 local failures in the high-dose volume, 2 regional failures outside of the high-dose volume, and 8 distant metastases. CONCLUSION: High-dose conformal twice-daily radiation therapy to approximately 80 Gy appears tolerable in well-selected patients with unresectable lung cancer following either C/T or C/N. Dose-limiting toxicities are mainly pulmonary and esophageal.
Marks, LB; Garst, J; Socinski, MA; Sibley, G; Blackstock, AW; Herndon, JE; Zhou, S; Shafman, T; Tisch, A; Clough, R; Yu, X; Turrisi, A; Anscher, M; Crawford, J; Rosenman, J; Carolina Conformal Therapy Consortium,
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