Capecitabine in malignant mesothelioma: a phase II trial by the Cancer and Leukemia Group B (39807).
PURPOSE: The CALGB performed a phase II multicenter study to evaluate the activity of oral capecitabine in patients with malignant mesothelioma (CALGB 39807). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between November 15, 2000 and August 31, 2001, 27 patients with mesothelioma were enrolled in this study. Capecitabine was administered at 2500 mg/m(2) per day divided in two doses for 14 days followed by a seven-day break. Cycles were repeated every 21 days with restaging performed every two cycles and therapy continuing for up to six cycles. One patient withdrew from the study prior to receiving therapy and is removed from further analysis. Eligibility criteria included no prior treatment, PS 0-1 by CALGB criteria and histologically documented mesothelioma. PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: gender; male 19 (73%), female seven; median age 70 (range 40-81); histology: epithelial 15 (58%), mixed eight (31%), unclassified three; site of origin pleura, 25 (96%); weight loss in previous six months of more than 10% in seven (27%), symptoms longer than six months in five (19%). RESULTS: One patient (4%) had a confirmed PR while 10 (38%) achieved SD for 2-6 cycles. Ten patients (38%) had PD as their best response. There were three patients unevaluable for response and two early deaths. Median survival and failure free survival were 4.9 (95% CI 4-10.8) and 2.4 (95% CI 1.5-4.2) months respectively with a one-year survival of 23% (95% CI 11-49%). Grade three or greater toxicities encountered by at least 10% of patients included lymphopenia (12%), fatigue (12%), dehydration (12%) and diarrhea (15%). Three patients (12%) had grade three skin toxicity or hand-foot syndrome. One patient died of treatment related toxicity during cycle one. CONCLUSION: The antitumor activity of capecitabine is insufficient to warrant further exploration in patients with malignant mesothelioma.
Otterson, GA; Herndon, JE; Watson, D; Green, MR; Kindler, HL; Cancer and Leukemia Group B,
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