EEG prior to hemispherectomy: correlation with outcome and pathology.
Hemispherectomy, for the treatment of seizures, is highly successful but has a significant morbidity rate. The procedure is usually restricted to patients with an intractable seizure disorder and hemiparesis. Because of the inherent risk of surgery, patient selection is a critical issue. This report describes the evaluation of background activity and ictal patterns on surface and invasive EEG in 12 children who underwent both anatomical (7) and functional (5) hemispherectomy in order to determine the role of electroencephalography in the selection of patients for hemispherectomy, and to correlate EEG findings with underlying pathology and outcome. A favorable outcome was predicted by an interictal EEG with two or more of the following: suppression over the abnormal hemisphere, absence of contralateral slowing, absence of generalized discharges and absence of bilateral independent spiking; or by unilateral onset of ictal discharges on invasive intracerebral EEG recording. Outcome did not correlate with the underlying pathology. Hemispherectomy can be successful in patients with a variety of predominantly unilateral pathologic entities.
Carmant, L; Kramer, U; Riviello, JJ; Helmers, SL; Mikati, MA; Madsen, JR; Black, PM; Lombroso, CT; Holmes, GL
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