Electroencephalographic discharges of temporal lobe seizures in children and young adults.
We investigated the discharge morphology and propagation patterns of electroencephalographic seizures of temporal lobe onset in 21 children and young adults who underwent invasive long-term EEG monitoring (LTM). Of those, 15 subsequently underwent anterior temporal lobectomy. The onset was focal in 63%. The most frequent discharge morphology was low amplitude beta (30%) or rhythmic/semirhythmic theta discharge (30%). Thirteen patients displayed several sequences of propagation with different spreading stages along a fixed path. Initial spreading to the ipsilateral frontal lobe was associated with a higher frequency of secondary generalization than initial spreading to the contralateral temporal lobe (P = 0.18). A comparison of 13 patients older than 18 years of age with 8 patients younger than 14 years showed a trend towards a lower rate of propagating from the temporal lobe (P = 0.13) in the younger age group. Discharge morphology was not correlated with age, focality, or outcome of surgery.
Kramer, U; Carmant, L; Mikati, MA
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