Classification of epilepsy syndromes and role of genetic factors.
In this report the types of epilepsy syndromes seen in children in a tertiary referral center in Beirut, Lebanon were studied and the importance of consanguinity and family history in the occurrence of these syndromes was investigated. Records of 230 pediatric patients evaluated during a 1-year period with the diagnosis of single seizure, febrile seizure, or epilepsy were reviewed. Each patient was classified according to the International League Against Epilepsy classification. The occurrence of consanguinity, of family history of febrile seizures or epilepsy, and of other variables was noted. Thirty-six percent of patients were diagnosed with localization-related epilepsy, 21.7% with generalized epilepsy, 11.7% with undetermined generalized or focal, and 24.3% with special syndromes. Twelve percent of patients were diagnosed with idiopathic, 15.1% with symptomatic, and 30.3% with cryptogenic epilepsies. Consanguinity was more common in patients with symptomatic and cryptogenic epilepsies than in patients with idiopathic epilepsies or with incidental seizures (P < 0.05). Family history of epilepsy was more common in patients with symptomatic, cryptogenic, and idiopathic epilepsies than in patients with incidental seizures (P < 0.05). Family history of febrile seizures but not consanguinity was more common in patients with febrile seizures (P < 0.05). We conclude that genetic factors are important not only in idiopathic epilepsies and febrile seizures but also in cryptogenic and symptomatic epilepsies.
Choueiri, RN; Fayad, MN; Farah, A; Mikati, MA
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