Racial differences in the interaction between family history and risk factors associated with diabetes in the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey, 1999-2004.
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether the association between family history, a surrogate for genetic predisposition, and diabetes was modified by any known diabetes risk factors and if these relationships were constant across different ethnic groups. METHODS: We examined 10,899 adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999 -2004) to identify interactions between family history and clinical, demographic, and lifestyle variables for the outcome of diabetes using logistic regression analysis in racial/ethnic subgroups. RESULTS: There was significant heterogeneity by race/ethnicity in the interaction between covariates and family history in relation to diabetes. In black (P = 0.0001) and Hispanic (P = 0.013), but not white (P = 0.75) subgroups, high-familial risk was a strong risk factor for diabetes among lean individuals but less so among overweight or obese subjects.Among blacks, high-familial risk conferred a 20-fold increased odds of diabetes among lean subjects and only a sixfold increased odds among obese individuals. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest possible race/ethnic-specific differences in gene by environment interaction and identify body mass index as an important effect modifier of familial risk in diabetes in non-white populations. These findings may help guide future genetic studies and improve the utility of family history as a public health screening tool.
Suchindran, S; Vana, AM; Shaffer, RA; Alcaraz, JE; McCarthy, JJ
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