Counterclockwise exit of cardiac pacemaker leads: sign of pulse-generator flip.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Clockwise exit of pacing leads from transvenous cardiac pacemakers is generally essential for proper function. The authors report a case in which counterclockwise exit of the pacing leads signified a 180 degree flip of the pulse generator. Three types of pacing system malfunction can result from pacemaker flip.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Karis, JP; Ravin, CE

Published Date

  • March 1990

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 174 / 3 Pt 1

Start / End Page

  • 711 - 712

PubMed ID

  • 2305054

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0033-8419

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1148/radiology.174.3.2305054


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States