Small object contrast in AMBER and conventional chest radiography.
The ability of a commercially available scanning equalization system for chest radiography to render small object contrast in the lung-, mediastinum-, and subdiaphragm-equivalent regions of an acrylic chest phantom was quantitatively evaluated. Images from nine chest phantoms that represented a wide range of patient sizes and dynamic ranges of x-ray transmittance were analyzed. Subject contrast was measured with a photostimulable phosphor detector, and images were acquired in both equalized and nonequalized (conventional) imaging modes. Available subject contrast in the lung-equivalent region was 8%-15% lower in the equalized images compared with the nonequalized images in all phantoms (patient types); contrast in the mediastinum-, retro-cardiac-, and subdiaphragm-equivalent regions was 11%-63% higher in the equalized images, with the degree of improvement increasing as patient size and dynamic range increased. Images of each phantom were also acquired with the screen-film systems currently in use at the authors' institution, permitting an assessment of the relative performance (in terms of radiographic contrast) of these imagers with and without use of equalization.
Chotas, HG; Van Metter, RL; Johnson, GA; Ravin, CE
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