9-Nitrocamptothecin as second line chemotherapy for men with progressive, metastatic, hormone refractory prostate cancer: Results of the CALGB 99901.

Journal Article (Clinical Trial;Multicenter Study;Journal Article)


Institution of early hormone therapy in the PSA era coupled with demonstration of clinical benefit with chemotherapy in hormone refractory prostate cancer (HRPC) and acceptance of PSA decline as a surrogate for response has resulted in introduction of chemotherapy earlier in the natural history of disease. There now exists a need to identify, effective agents for second line chemotherapy. 9-nitrocamptothecin (9-NC) a novel, oral camptothecin analogue was tested as second line chemotherapy for patients with progressive hormone refractory prostate cancer.

Patients and methods

Eligible patients had metastatic hormone refractory prostate cancer with performance status (0-1) following progression on at least 1 prior cytotoxic chemotherapy. 9-NC was administered orally at the dose of 1.5 mg/m2/d for 5 days each week for 3 weeks, followed by rest for 1 week. Response was evaluated after 2 cycles according to the guidelines set forth for Phase II trials in HRPC by the PSA working group.


Thirty-five patients were recruited to the study within a period of 6 months; 33 were evaluable for analysis. No patients had a >50% decline in PSA levels. Two out of 8 (25%) patients with measurable disease and 5/25 (20%) patients with nonmeasurable disease showed stable disease. The median time to disease and PSA progression was 2 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.9-2.8]. The median overall survival was 10 months (95% CI = 5-12). Seven patients are alive after a median follow-up of 23 months.


9-nitrocamptothecin failed to elicit clinical or PSA responses. Further study in pretreated HRPC patients is not warranted.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Amin, A; Halabi, S; Gelmann, EP; Stadler, W; Vogelzang, N; Small, E

Published Date

  • September 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 398 - 403

PubMed ID

  • 15464920

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-2496

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1078-1439

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.urolonc.2004.05.002


  • eng