Surface-initiated enzymatic polymerization of DNA.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We describe a technique to synthesize DNA homopolymers on a surface using surface-initiated enzymatic polymerization (SIEP) with terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdTase), an enzyme that repetitively adds mononucleotides to the 3'-end of oligonucleotides. The thickness of the synthesized DNA layer was found to depend on the deoxymononucleotide monomer, in the order of dATP > dTTP > dGTP approximately dCTP. In addition, the composition and the surface density of oligonucleotide initiators were also important in controlling the extent of DNA polymerization. The extension of single-stranded DNA chains by SIEP was further verified by their binding to antibodies specific to oligonucleotides. TdTase-mediated SIEP can also be used to grow spatially defined three-dimensional DNA structures by soft lithography and is a new tool for bioinspired fabrication at the micro- and nanoscale.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chow, DC; Chilkoti, A

Published Date

  • November 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 23

Start / End Page

  • 11712 - 11717

PubMed ID

  • 17929953

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-5827

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0743-7463

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/la701630g


  • eng