Effect of nonuniform interstitial space properties on impulse propagation: a discrete multidomain model.
This work presents a discrete multidomain model that describes ionic diffusion pathways between connected cells and within the interstitium. Unlike classical models of impulse propagation, the intracellular and extracellular spaces are represented as spatially distinct volumes with dynamic/static boundary conditions that electrically couple neighboring spaces. The model is used to investigate the impact of nonuniform geometrical and electrical properties of the interstitial space surrounding a fiber on conduction velocity and action potential waveshape. Comparison of the multidomain and bidomain models shows that although the conduction velocity is relatively insensitive to cases that confine 50% of the membrane surface by narrow extracellular depths (> or =2 nm), the action potential morphology varies greatly around the fiber perimeter, resulting in changes in the magnitude of extracellular potential in the tight spaces. Results also show that when the conductivity of the tight spaces is sufficiently reduced, the membrane adjacent to the tight space is eliminated from participating in propagation, and the conduction velocity increases. Owing to its ability to describe the spatial discontinuity of cardiac microstructure, the discrete multidomain can be used to determine appropriate tissue properties for use in classical macroscopic models such as the bidomain during normal and pathophysiological conditions.
Roberts, SF; Stinstra, JG; Henriquez, CS
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