Intracardiac echocardiography and acoustic radiation force impulse imaging of a dynamic ex vivo ovine heart model.
Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) has demonstrated utility in providing high-resolution cardiac ultrasound images for guidance of numerous catheter-based interventions, including radiofrequency ablations (RFA). However, the training of interventionalists and refinement of procedures involving intracardiac catheters is costly and time consuming due to necessary clinical and animal studies. As a result, research and development of ICE for other purposes is gradual and deliberate. Intracardiac acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging has been demonstrated to be a suitable modality to monitor the progress of RFA procedures; however, a clinical protocol has been slow to develop due to the expense and demands of clinical experiments. We report on the development and use of an ex vivo heart model to evaluate ICE and intracardiac ARFI imaging. The ability of this model to provide clinically-relevant intracardiac imaging angles was investigated by inserting an intracardiac probe into the heart and imaging it from various positions and orientations. ARFI images of all four chambers also were formed. RFAs were also performed to create stiffer lesions within the right and left ventricles. Upon completion of the ablation, ARFI imaging was used to visualize the lesion and compared with images taken from pathology.The results show the ovine heart model to be a suitable apparatus for recreating several clinically-relevant intracardiac viewing angles of the heart. Also, the results indicate the potential of the heart model to be a valuable tool in the future development and refinement of a clinical protocol for intracardiac ARFI imaging based guidance and assessment of cardiac radiofrequency ablations.
Hsu, SJ; Hubert, JL; Smith, SW; Trahey, GE
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)