Intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy in peri-coronary angiography ischemic stroke.
BACKGROUND: Intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) for peri-coronary angiography (CA) stroke may be safe and efficacious. However, IAT may increase the risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: A retrospective study was performed involving 3 university hospitals. All peri-CA IAT-treated cases were identified. Patient demographics, stroke severity, angiographic findings, thrombolytic use, modified Rankin Scale (mRS), ICH, and mortality were determined. RESULTS: A total of 21 patients with post-left CA stroke were treated with IAT (mean age 71.8+/-12.3 years). Arterial occlusion was found in 14 (66.7%) and 7 (33.3%) of the anterior and posterior circulation, respectively. Mean time-to-therapy was 36+/-12 minutes from the time the neurological deficit was noted. mRS < or =2 occurred in 10 of 21 (48%) patients. Patients with younger age and shorter time-to-IAT had more complete arterial recanalization and clinical recovery. Symptomatic ICH occurred in 3 (14%) cases, and 4 (19%) patients died. CONCLUSIONS: Peri-CA IAT appears to be feasible and safe without increased risk of symptomatic ICH and death when compared with the previously reported IAT literature.
Zaidat, OO; Slivka, AP; Mohammad, Y; Graffagnino, C; Smith, TP; Enterline, DS; Christoforidis, GA; Alexander, MJ; Landis, DMD; Suarez, JI
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)