Delayed stenosis following placement of a polyethylene terephthalate endograft in the cervical carotid artery. Report of three cases.
Three patients with carotid artery (CA) pseudoaneurysms were treated using four polyethylene terephthalate endografts (Wallgraft endoprostheses). Two patients received a single graft and one patient with bilateral pseudoaneurysms received two grafts. Complete occlusion of the pseudoaneurysm with patency of the arterial lumen was achieved following endograft placement in all patients. The clinical follow-up interval ranged from 12 to 18 months and included angiography or ultrasonography studies or both. One patient experienced neurological symptoms, and in-graft stenosis ranging from 50 to 100% occurred in three of the four grafts. Although the Wallgraft endoprosthesis produced good initial results for the treatment of cervical CA pseudoaneurysms, as demonstrated on radiography, it was associated with a high rate of stenosis or occlusion in all three patients.
Smith, TP; Alexander, MJ; Enterline, DS
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