Pulsed Doppler assessment of left ventricular diastolic filling in children with left ventricular outflow obstruction before and after balloon angioplasty.

Published

Journal Article

To assess left ventricular (LV) diastolic filling in children with pressure overload hypertrophy, 12 patients with LV outflow obstruction (7 with aortic valve stenosis and 5 with aortic coarctation) and 12 healthy, age-matched control subjects were examined. Each child underwent M-mode echocardiography and pulsed Doppler examination of the LV inflow. The patients with LV outflow obstruction had cardiac catheterization and balloon angioplasty. Their echo/Doppler examinations were performed in the catheterization laboratory before and immediately after balloon angioplasty. From the M-mode echocardiogram, the LV cavity dimensions and wall thicknesses, LV mass and shortening fraction were measured. The following measurements were made from the Doppler recording: peak velocities at rapid ventricular filling (peak E) and during atrial contraction (peak A), ratio of peak E to peak A velocities, total area under the Doppler curve, percent of the total Doppler area occurring in the first one-third of diastole (0.33 area fraction), percent of the total area occurring under the E wave (E area fraction), percent of the total area occurring under the A wave (A area fraction) and the ratio of E area to A area.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Meliones, JN; Snider, AR; Serwer, GA; Shaffer, EM; Rocchini, AP; Beekman, RH; Rosenthal, A; Dick, M; Peters, J; Reynolds, P

Published Date

  • January 1989

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 63 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 231 - 236

PubMed ID

  • 2521272

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2521272

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1913

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9149

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0002-9149(89)90291-9

Language

  • eng