Successful use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in the treatment of acute chest syndrome in a child with severe sickle cell anemia.


Journal Article

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is widely used in the treatment of respiratory and cardiovascular failure in neonatal patients. The authors present a case of a child with hemoglobin SS disease who was treated with ECMO after acute chest syndrome and acute respiratory distress syndrome developed. They also present data from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization on this use of ECMO from other centers. To date, there have been 15 pediatric patients with acute chest syndrome treated with ECMO. Survival rate has been 26%. In selected patients with severe disease, ECMO can provide support at a lower mean airway pressure, allow for aggressive pulmonary lavage, and maintain adequate tissue oxygen delivery until the patient is more stable. Patients who might benefit include those with poor ventilation secondary to mucous plugging and barotrauma. The best success with these patients might be anticipated from venoarterial ECMO. Patients with severe cardiac or neurologic deterioration may constitute a group less likely to survive.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Trant, CA; Casey, JR; Hansell, D; Cheifetz, I; Meliones, JN; Ungerleider, RM; Browning, I; Greeley, WJ

Published Date

  • May 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 42 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 236 - 239

PubMed ID

  • 8725698

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8725698

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1058-2916


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States