Doppler evaluation of aortic valve area in children with aortic stenosis.
To evaluate the usefulness of the Doppler-derived aortic valve area calculated from the continuity equation in assessing the hemodynamic severity of aortic valve stenosis in infants and children, two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic examinations were performed on 42 patients (aged 1 day to 24 years) a median of 1 day before or after cardiac catheterization. The left ventricular outflow tract diameter was measured from the parasternal long-axis view at the base of the aortic cusps from inner edge to inner edge in early systole. The flow velocities proximal to the aortic valve were measured from the apical view with use of pulsed Doppler echocardiography; the jet velocities were recorded from the apical, right parasternal and suprasternal views by using continuous wave Doppler echocardiography. The velocity-time integral, mean velocity and peak velocity were measured by tracing the Doppler waveforms along their outermost margins. Seventeen patients (all less than or equal to 6 years old) had a very small left ventricular outflow tract diameter (less than or equal to 1.4 cm) and cross-sectional area (less than or equal to 1.5 cm2). The Doppler aortic valve area calculated with use of velocity-time integrals in the continuity equation (0.57 +/- 0.25 cm2/m2, mean value +/- SD) correlated well with the Doppler aortic valve area calculated by using mean (0.55 +/- 0.25 cm2/m2) and peak (0.54 +/- 0.24 cm2/m2) velocities, with correlations of r = 0.97 and 0.95, respectively. Thirty-four patients had sufficient catheterization data to calculate aortic valve area from the Gorlin formula.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Bengur, AR; Snider, AR; Meliones, JN; Vermilion, RP
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