Nutrition and physical activity self-assessment for child care (NAP SACC): results from a pilot intervention.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility, acceptability, and reported impact of a nutrition and physical activity environmental intervention in child care. DESIGN: Self-assessment instrument completed pre- and post-intervention by randomly assigned intervention and comparison child care centers. SETTING: Child care centers in 8 counties across North Carolina. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 19 child care centers (15 intervention and 4 comparison). INTERVENTION: Intervention centers completed the self-assessment instrument at baseline and then selected 3 environmental improvements to make over the 6-month intervention period with assistance from a trained NAP SACC Consultant. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Changes in pre- and post-intervention self-assesment of the nutrition and physical activity child care environment with additional process measures to evaluate project implementation, feasibility and acceptability. ANALYSIS: Comparison of pre- and post-test scores for the intervention group using a Wilcoxon signed-rank test and descriptions of environmental changes. RESULTS: Intervention centers rated themselves higher at follow-up than at baseline, and relative to comparison centers, reported a variety of environmental nutrition and physical activity improvements confirmed by research staff. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The NAP SACC pilot intervention shows promise as an approach to promote healthy weight environments in preschool settings. Additional evaluation of the project is needed using a greater number of centers and a more objective outcome measure.
Benjamin, SE; Ammerman, A; Sommers, J; Dodds, J; Neelon, B; Ward, DS
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