Prospective assessment after pediatric cardiac ablation: recurrence at 1 year after initially successful ablation of supraventricular tachycardia.
OBJECTIVES: A multicenter prospective study was performed to assess the results and risks associated with radiofrequency ablation in children. This report focuses on recurrences following initially successful ablation. METHODS: Patients recruited for the study were aged 0 to 16 years and had supraventricular tachycardia due to accessory pathways or atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), excluding patients with more than trivial congenital heart disease. A total of 481 patients were recruited into the prospective cohort and were followed at 2, 6, and 12 months following ablation. RESULTS: There were 517 successfully ablated substrates out of 540 attempted (95.7%). Loss to follow-up for individual substrates was 3.3%, 10.6%, and 21.2% at 2, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Recurrence was observed in 7.0%, 9.2%, and 10.7% of these substrates at 2, 6, and 12 months, respectively (adjusted for loss to follow-up as an independent source of data censoring). Recurrence rate varied by substrate location (24.6% for right septal, 15.8% for right free wall, 9.3% for left free wall, and 4.8% for left septal), as well as for AVNRT versus all others (4.8% vs 12.9%) at 12 months. The recurrence rate was higher for substrates ablated using power control but was not a function of whether isoproterenol was used for postablation testing. CONCLUSIONS: Recurrence after initially successful ablation occurs commonly in children. It is least common after AVNRT ablation and most common following ablation of right-sided pathways. These results serve as a benchmark for the time course of recurrence following initially successful ablation of supraventricular tachycardia in children.
Van Hare, GF; Javitz, H; Carmelli, D; Saul, JP; Tanel, RE; Fischbach, PS; Kanter, RJ; Schaffer, M; Dunnigan, A; Colan, S; Serwer, G; Participating Members of the Pediatric Electrophysiology Society,
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