Bayesian Inference on Changes in Response Densities over Predictor Clusters.
In epidemiology, it is often of interest to assess how individuals with different trajectories over time in an environmental exposure or biomarker differ with respect to a continuous response. For ease in interpretation and presentation of results, epidemiologists typically categorize predictors prior to analysis. To extend this approach to time-varying predictors, one can cluster individuals by their predictor trajectory, with the cluster index included as a predictor in a regression model for the response. This article develops a semiparametric Bayes approach, which avoids assuming a pre-specified number of clusters and allows the response to vary nonparametrically over predictor clusters. This methodology is motivated by interest in relating trajectories in weight gain during pregnancy to the distribution of birth weight adjusted for gestational age at delivery. In this setting, the proposed approach allows the tails of the birth weight density to vary flexibly over weight gain clusters.
Dunson, DB; Herring, A; Siega-Riz, AM
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)