The association of strabismus, amblyopia, and refractive errors in spasmus nutans.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: Spasmus nutans is a condition that includes asymmetric nystagmus and occurs during the amblyogenic period. Because specific alterations in early visual experience are known to be associated with changes in visual development, relations between spasmus nutans and abnormal visual sequelae were examined. METHODS: The records of 18 patients with spasmus nutans were reviewed retrospectively. The incidence of strabismus, amblyopia, anisometropia, and astigmatism was compared with published age-matched control subjects. RESULTS: There was a significantly higher incidence of strabismus (10 of 18) and amblyopia (8 of 18) of the eye with the greater amplitude of nystagmus. No correlation of refractive error with lateralization of nystagmus could be established. Twelve of 18 patients required spectacles for improvement in visual acuity and for treatment of amblyopia. Best-corrected visual acuity averaged 1.20 Snellen lines poorer than age-adjusted normative values; however, loss of visual acuity was, in most cases, symmetric and not related to lateralization of nystagmus. CONCLUSION: Early detection and treatment of anticipated abnormal visual issues in patients with spasmus nutans will optimize visual outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Young, TL; Weis, JR; Summers, CG; Egbert, JE

Published Date

  • January 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 104 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 112 - 117

PubMed ID

  • 9022113

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9022113

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0161-6420

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0161-6420(97)30353-4

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States