Genetic linkage study of high-grade myopia in a Hutterite population from South Dakota.

Published online

Journal Article

PURPOSE: Myopia is a common, complex disorder, and severe forms have implications for blindness due to increased risk of premature cataracts, glaucoma, retinal detachment, and macular degeneration. Autosomal dominant (AD) non-syndromic high-grade myopia has been mapped to chromosomes 18p11.31, 12q21-23, 17q21-23, 7q36, 2q37.1, 7p15.3, 15q12-13, 3q26, 4q12, 8p23, 4q22-q27, 1p36, and Xq23-q25. Here, we demonstrate evidence of linkage for AD non-syndromic high-grade myopia in a large Hutterite family to a locus on chromosome 10q21.1. METHODS: After clinical evaluation, genomic DNA was genotyped from 29 members of a Hutterite family from South Dakota (7 affected). The average refractive error of affected individuals was -7.04 diopters. Microsatellite markers were used to exclude linkage to the known AD nonsyndromic high-grade myopia loci as well as to syndromic high-grade myopia loci. A genome screen was then performed using 382 markers with an average inter-marker distance of 10 cM followed by fine-point mapping in all regions of the genome that gave positive LOD scores. SimWalk2 software was used for multipoint linkage based on AD and autosomal recessive (AR) models with a penetrance of 90% and a disease allele frequency of 0.001. RESULTS: A maximum multipoint LOD score of 3.22 was achieved under an AD model at microsatellite marker D10S1643. Fine point mapping and haplotype analysis defined a critical region of 2.67 cM on chromosome 10q21.1. Haplotype analysis demonstrated two distinct haplotypes segregating with high-grade myopia, indicative of two distinct mutations occurring in the same gene. CONCLUSIONS: We have identified a presumptive myopia locus for high-grade myopia based on linkage and haplotype analysis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nallasamy, S; Paluru, PC; Devoto, M; Wasserman, NF; Zhou, J; Young, TL

Published Date

  • February 15, 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 /

Start / End Page

  • 229 - 236

PubMed ID

  • 17327828

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17327828

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1090-0535

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States