Fentanyl-droperidol supplementation of rapid sequence induction in the presence of severe pregnancy-induced and pregnancy-aggravated hypertension.


Journal Article

Twenty-six patients manifesting severe pregnancy-induced (PIH) or pregnancy-aggravated (PAH) hypertension who presented for emergency Caesarean section under general anaesthesia were studied. All patients came from a previously identified high risk group--namely greater than 25 yr, multiparous and with diastolic arterial pressures sustained at greater than 120 mm Hg. Our standard accelerated induction technique for the management of severely hypertensive mothers was modified to include the use of fentanyl and droperidol before induction. This modification of the induction sequence produced a clinically significant amelioration of the reflex sympathetic hypertensive response to laryngoscopy and intubation in most mothers receiving antihypertensive therapy, without apparent deleterious effect in the immediate postoperative period to those neonates unaffected by intrauterine asphyxia.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Lawes, EG; Downing, JW; Duncan, PW; Bland, B; Lavies, N; Gane, GA

Published Date

  • November 1987

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 59 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1381 - 1391

PubMed ID

  • 3689612

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3689612

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1471-6771

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0007-0912

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/bja/59.11.1381


  • eng