Comparison of slow oscillating versus fast balloon inflation strategies for coronary angioplasty.
Previous studies suggest that slow and/or oscillating balloon inflation during coronary angioplasty may decrease the incidence of coronary dissection and improve clinical outcomes. To compare the effect of slow oscillating versus conventional fast inflation techniques on the incidence of severe coronary dissection during angioplasty, 622 patients were randomized to slow oscillating inflation versus fast inflation. Angiographic outcomes of the procedures and in-hospital clinical events were recorded. The primary end point of severe (type C, D, E, F) dissection occurred in 7.7% of patients undergoing slow oscillation and 6.6% of patients undergoing fast inflation (p = 0.87). Major complications (death, urgent coronary artery bypass graft surgery, stroke, abrupt closure, or Q-wave myocardial infarction) occurred in 4.7% of patients undergoing slow oscillation and 3.5% of patients undergoing fast inflation (p = 0.45). The 2 inflation strategies did not differ in the pressure at which the balloon achieved full expansion, angiographic success rate, residual stenosis, and incidence of all minor and/or major complications. We conclude that there is no benefit of slow oscillating inflation over routine fast inflation in angioplasty. Slow oscillating inflation did not dilate lesions at lower pressures, decrease the incidence of dissection or severe dissection, or reduce the incidence of adverse clinical outcomes.
Blankenship, JC; Krucoff, MW; Werns, SW; Anderson, HV; Landau, C; White, HJ; Green, CL; Spokojny, AM; Bach, RG; Raymond, RE; Pinkston, J; Rawert, M; Talley, JD
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