Design and rationale of the Evaluation of M118 IN pErcutaNeous Coronary intErvention (EMINENCE) trial.
BACKGROUND: Currently recommended anticoagulant agents used in the setting of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) inhibit, with varying degrees of intensity, 2 critical targets (factor Xa and/or IIa) of the coagulation cascade, yet they carry significant limitations. M118-a novel, rationally engineered heparin-provides consistent anti-Xa and anti-IIa activity with a constant anti-Xa:anti-IIa ratio over time. M118 also combines the desired anticoagulant effects of unfractionated heparin with the beneficial attributes of low-molecular-weight heparin, and may represent the next generation of heparin therapy in patients diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: The EMINENCE trial is a prospective, randomized, open-label, multicenter phase 2 study that will evaluate the safety and feasibility of M118 as an anticoagulant versus unfractionated heparin in subjects with stable coronary artery disease undergoing PCI. The primary end point of the study will be the combined incidence of clinical events defined as the composite of 30-day death, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, catheter thrombus, stroke, thrombocytopenia, bailout use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors, and major or minor bleeding. CONCLUSION: The EMINENCE trial will assess the safety and feasibility of M118 as an anticoagulant in the setting of PCI and will provide important information to determine the appropriate therapeutic range of activated clotting time for M118 and the appropriate dose or doses to be explored in a phase 3 clinical trial.
Melloni, C; Fier, I; Roach, J; Kosinski, AS; Broderick, S; Sigmon, K; Myles, S; Becker, RC; Rao, SV; EMINENCE Investigators,
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