Reperfusion ventricular arrhythmia 'bursts' in TIMI 3 flow restoration with primary angioplasty for anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a more precise definition of reperfusion arrhythmias.
AIMS: We sought to define reperfusion-induced ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) more precisely through simultaneous angiography, continuous ST-segment recovery, and beat-to-beat Holter analyses in subjects with anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary angioplasty [percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)]. METHODS AND RESULTS: All 157 subjects with final TIMI 3 flow had continuous 12-lead electrocardiography with simultaneous Holter recording initiated prior to PCI for continuous ST-segment recovery and quantitative VA analyses. Ventricular arrhythmia bursts were detected against subject-specific background VA rates using a statistical outlier method. For temporal correlations, timing and quality of reperfusion were defined as first angiographic TIMI 3 flow with >or=50% stable ST-segment recovery. Almost all subjects had VAs [156/157 (99%)], whereas VA bursts during or subsequent to reperfusion occurred in 97/157 (62%). The majority of VA bursts (72%) arose within 20 min of reperfusion (95% CI: 26.7, 72), with onset at a median of 4 min post-reperfusion (IQR: 0-43) Bursts comprised a median of 1290 ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) (IQR: 415-4632) and persisted for a median of 105 min (IQR: 35-250). Most background VAs occurred as single VPCs; bursts typically comprised runs of three or more VPCs. Subjects with bursts had higher absolute peak ST segments and more frequent worsening of ST elevation immediately after reperfusion. CONCLUSION: Ventricular arrhythmia bursts temporally associated with TIMI 3 flow restoration and stable ST-segment recovery (reperfusion VA bursts) can be precisely defined in subjects with anterior STEMI and may constitute a unique electric biosignal of myocellular response to reperfusion.
Majidi, M; Kosinski, AS; Al-Khatib, SM; Lemmert, ME; Smolders, L; van Weert, A; Reiber, JHC; Tzivoni, D; Bär, FWHM; Wellens, HJJ; Gorgels, APM; Krucoff, MW
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