η / s of a Relativistic Hadron Gas at RHIC: Approaching the AdS/CFT bound?

Published

Journal Article

Ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are thought to have produced a state of matter called the quark-gluon plasma, characterized by a very small shear-viscosity to entropy-density ratio η / s, near the lower bound predicted for that quantity by AdS/CFT methods. As the produced matter expands and cools, it evolves through a phase described by a hadron gas with rapidly increasing η / s. We calculate η / s as a function of temperature in this phase both in and out of chemical equilibrium and find that its value poses a challenge for viscous relativistic hydrodynamics, which requires small values of η / s in order to successfully describe the collective flow observables at RHIC. We therefore conclude that the origin of the low viscosity matter at the RHIC must be in the partonic phase of the reaction. © 2009 Elsevier B.V.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Demir, N; Bass, SA

Published Date

  • November 1, 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 830 / 1-4

Start / End Page

  • 733c - 736c

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0375-9474

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.10.120

Citation Source

  • Scopus