Self-discrepancy and suicidal ideation

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The purpose of this study was to determine whether certain self-discrepancies predicted the extent to which individuals experienced suicidal ideation. The Selves Questionnaire (an idiographic measure of self-beliefs) was administered to 152 undergraduate participants, who also completed measures of hopelessness, depression, and suicidal ideation. Three kinds of self-discrepancies were associated with suicidal ideation: actual:ideal, actual:ought, and actual:ideal:future. Covariance structure analyses indicated a best-fitting model suggesting that, actual:ideal and actual:ideal:future self-discrepancies contribute to hopelessness, which in turn contributes to depression and suicidal ideation. The findings suggest that self-discrepancy, as a form of negative self-evaluation, may contribute to an individual's risk for suicidal ideation. Moreover, the findings point to an integration of self-discrepancy theory with hopelessness theory.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cornette, MM; Strauman, TJ; Abramson, LY; Busch, AM

Published Date

  • August 10, 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 504 - 527

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1464-0600

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0269-9931

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/02699930802012005

Citation Source

  • Scopus