Group membership, group identity, and group consciousness: Measures of racial identity in American politics?
This article examines the concepts of group membership, group identity and racial identity, and group consciousness. For each of these we discuss theoretical definitions, research using the various definitions, and issues of measurement. We show that these concepts are distinct and build on each other, rather than being interchangeable. We also explore the concept of linked fate, which evolved from the concept of group consciousness and is central in the race and politics literature. Finally, we address the very important question of whether we are in danger of overextrapolation-taking concepts developed in research on one group and grafting them onto other groups. Copyright © 2009 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
McClain, PD; Carew, JDJ; Walton, E; Watts, CS
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