Design of the Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST).
TOAST is a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial testing the usefulness of a new antithrombotic drug in improving the outcome of persons with acute ischemic stroke. Until recently, no clinical trial testing a treatment for ischemic stroke had demonstrated efficacy in outcome. Design problems of previously conducted trials with inconclusive results may partly explain their failures. During the design of TOAST, the investigators addressed several issues so the trial could test the treatment accurately. We report the strategies used in designing, implementing, and coordinating the trial.
Adams, HP; Woolson, RF; Clarke, WR; Davis, PH; Bendixen, BH; Love, BB; Wasek, PA; Grimsman, KJ
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