A pilot Phase II trial of concurrent radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and hyperthermia for locally advanced cervical carcinoma.
BACKGROUND: Five randomized studies have demonstrated a benefit derived from adding cisplatin (CDDP)-based chemotherapy to radiotherapy (RT) for treatment of cervical carcinoma. The Dutch Phase III pelvic tumor trial demonstrated a survival and local control benefit due to the addition of hyperthermia (HT) to RT. The authors evaluated response and toxicity in patients with locally advanced cervical carcinoma (LACC) who were treated with concurrent weekly CDDP, HT, and RT (whole pelvis [n=7] and whole pelvis and paraaortic nodes [n=5]). METHODS: From August 1998 through December 2000, 12 patients with LACC or locally recurrent cervical carcinoma (LRCC) following hysterectomy were enrolled on a pilot study combining weekly CDDP, HT, and RT. RESULTS: Ten patients were treated at initial diagnosis. All achieved clinical complete response and durable local control. Two of the 10 experienced recurrence outside the pelvis; 1 of these patients had pulmonary metastasis, and the other had isolated paraaortic nodal involvement. Two patients treated for LRCC experienced local and systemic progression and died of disease within 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: In this small series, trimodality therapy resulted in an excellent clinical response and was well tolerated. The addition of HT to chemoradiotherapy represents a promising new strategy that warrants multiinstitutional collaborative efforts to confirm its efficacy.
Jones, EL; Samulski, TV; Dewhirst, MW; Alvarez-Secord, A; Berchuck, A; Clarke-Pearson, D; Havrilesky, LJ; Soper, J; Prosnitz, LR
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