Intravital fluorescence facilitates measurement of multiple physiologic functions and gene expression in tumors of live animals.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

The purpose of this report is to present an overview of the use of fluorescence imaging in vivo, with particular emphasis on oncology. It is important to note, however, that many of the methods described herein have been applied to the study of non-malignant tissues as well. Modern medicine and biology research has benefited greatly from an ever-expanding assortment of fluorescent markers and labels. These markers and labels have allowed investigators to observe the behavior and properties of cell and molecular entities of interest in the context of complicated biological systems such as a mammalian cell or a whole mouse. Methods developed to image fluorescence in whole mice have been valuable in studying patterns of tumor growth and metastases. Alternatively, more detailed information and a wide variety of endpoints can be obtained using "intravital" preparations. This review focuses on use of fluorescence imaging for intravital preparations. For detail on fluorescence imaging of whole animals, refer to reviews on this subject [1,2]. For oncologic applications, studies have focused primarily on window chamber preparations that allow for real-time visualization of tumor growth, vascularity, vascular responses to stimulation, vascular permeability, vascular orientation, flow instability, and the like. These endpoints have been used to show that there are functional differences between tumor and normal tissues with respect to these functions under baseline conditions and after therapeutic manipulation. Examples of some of these differences are provided in this review as a means to illustrate how they can be used.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dewhirst, MW; Shan, S; Cao, Y; Moeller, B; Yuan, F; Li, C-Y

Published Date

  • 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 5-6

Start / End Page

  • 293 - 311

PubMed ID

  • 14646042

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3851078

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0278-0240

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1155/2002/820102


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States