Synergistic effects of hyperoxic gas breathing and reduced oxygen consumption on tumor oxygenation: a theoretical model.
PURPOSE: To simulate effects of reduced oxygen consumption combined with hyperoxic gas breathing on tumor oxygenation, and to test for synergistic effects. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Diffusive oxygen transport was simulated for a small region of tumor containing a three-dimensional network of microvessels whose geometry was derived from in vivo observations. Changes in tissue partial pressure of oxygen (PO(2)) and hypoxic fraction (PO(2) < 5 mm Hg) resulting from a 30% reduction in oxygen consumption rate or breathing 100% oxygen were estimated. The synergistic effect was defined as the change in PO(2) with the two treatments combined, minus the sum of the changes with the separate treatments. RESULTS: Predicted hypoxic fractions were 37% in the control state, 11% with reduced consumption, 23% with oxygen breathing alone, and 0% with the combined treatment. The synergistic effect was about 4 mm Hg at tissue points with very low initial PO(2) levels and decreased as initial PO(2) increased. CONCLUSIONS: Reduction of oxygen consumption via the Crabtree effect, by administration of glucose, has been proposed as a means to improve tumor oxygenation during radiation treatment. The results support previous experimental studies showing that this approach is more effective when combined with breathing of hyperoxic gases.
Secomb, TW; Hsu, R; Dewhirst, MW
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