Intra-operative MR guidance during trans-sphenoidal pituitary resection: preliminary results.
The use of intra-operative MR image guidance has the potential to improve the precision, extent, and safety of trans-sphenoidal pituitary resections. The trans-sphenoidal approach to pituitary surgery has been performed for some time (1--3). Until now these surgeries have relied on direct visualization without the aid of image guidance. An open-bore configuration 0.5T SIGNA SP MR system (GE Medical Systems, Milwaukee, Wisconsin) has been used to provide image guidance for seventeen trans-sphenoidal pituitary adenoma resections (4). The intra-operative MRI system allowed the radiologist to successfully direct the surgeon toward the sella turcica while avoiding the cavernous sinus, optic chiasm and other critical structures. Imaging performed during the surgery monitored the extent of resection and allowed for removal of tumor beyond the surgeon's view in seven cases. Dynamic MR imaging was used to distinguish residual tumor from normal gland and postoperative changes, permitting more precise tumor localization. A heme-sensitive long TE gradient echo sequence was used to find the presence of hemorrhagic debris. All patients tolerated the procedure well without significant complications. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2001;13:136-141.
Pergolizzi, RS; Nabavi, A; Schwartz, RB; Hsu, L; Wong, TZ; Martin, C; Black, PM; Jolesz, FA
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