Open-configuration MR imaging, intervention, and surgery of the urinary tract.
The open-configuration MR imaging system provides new applications both in diagnosis and in therapy of conditions in the urinary tract. In addition to conventional imaging, the open configuration permits MR imaging of patients in many positions. This has already been shown to be useful in imaging the pelvis during voiding, where a sitting position allows urodynamic evaluation. The lithotomy position can be used for imaging the prostate, which also permits procedural access. The ultimate purpose of the interventional MR imaging suite is to integrate therapeutic tools and techniques with MR imaging. From surgical planning through specialized imaging systems with minimally invasive surgical applications, new methods are being developed and implemented. This new field of image-guided therapy will require extensive clinical development and evaluation for applications in the urinary tract. This will require a large concentrated interdisciplinary effort of surgeons, radiologists, computer scientists, engineers, and physicists. Successful integration of basic research and clinical work will result in a number of cutting-edge technologies with direct clinical application in the urinary tract. Initial projects have included biopsies, endoscopies, and real-time procedural control of high-temperature and cryogenic ablations. It is anticipated that the current surge in image-guided interventions will motivate even more research activity in this field, and will ultimately define the role of MR imaging guidance in urologic intervention and surgery.
Wong, TZ; Silverman, SG; Fielding, JR; Tempany, CM; Hynynen, K; Jolesz, FA
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