Evaluation of intracranial cysts by intraoperative MR.
Eleven patients with intracranial cystic collections were evaluated in the open-bore intraoperative MR system. In each case, the cystic collection or the surrounding cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) space was injected with .02 to .5 cc of .5 mol/l gadopentetate dimeglumine. Serial imaging was performed using T1-weighted imaging. In seven patients, free communication was demonstrated between the cystic collection and the surrounding CSF spaces. In four cases, the cyst did not communicate with the CSF; two of these were drained in the intraoperative MR system with reduction in symptoms. One patient developed an aseptic meningitis 10 days after the study, which was successfully treated with steroids; no other complications were noted. We conclude that the communication of intracranial cystic collections with the cisterns and ventricles can be safely and effectively elucidated with gadolinium injection in the intraoperative MR system.
Schwartz, RB; Hsu, L; Black, PM; Alexander, E; Wong, TZ; Klufas, RA; Moriarty, T; Martin, C; Isbister, HG; Cahill, CD; Spaulding, SA; Kanan, AR; Jolesz, FA
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