Contingent self-worth and social information processing: Cognitive associations between domain performance and social relations


Journal Article

The purpose of the research was to investigate the social information processing patterns of individuals with domain-contingent self-worth. We proposed that individuals with domain-contingent self-worth would associate cognitions about outcomes in that domain with cognitions about social relationships. We expected this to be a bidirectional relationship with domain outcomes associated with social outcomes and social outcomes associated with domain outcomes. We tested the hypothesis that individuals with domain contingent self-worth process outcomes in that domain with regard to social relationships. In study 1, we found that individuals assume that domains of self-importance are important to others' social judgments. In study 2, we found that individuals with appearance-contingent self-worth associate negative appearance words with social exclusion. And in study 3, we found that when social exclusion is salient, individuals with virtue-contingent self-worth demonstrate increased accessibility of negative virtue words. Together, these studies demonstrate that individuals with contingent self-worth cognitively associate domain outcomes with social relationships.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • VanDellen, MR; Hoy, MB; Hoyle, RH

Published Date

  • December 1, 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 847 - 866

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0278-016X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1521/soco.2009.27.6.847

Citation Source

  • Scopus